Intermediate Concrete Slabs
Intermediate concrete slabs are horizontal structures, fulfilling the function of interflooring or roof slabs, being installed between the roof and the last floor of the building. In the construction field, concrete slabs are predominately used, moreover, it doesn’t matter, how much levels the building has.
Let us consider the main advantages of intermediate concrete slabs:
Due to the system of criss-cross beams and reinforcement with concrete filling, such reinforced concrete structures can withstand heavy loads.
They are made of very strong concrete using the newest technologies in order to obtain a high-quality product. For example, they are widely used in the areas of seismic activity.
The hollow building material is characterized by excellent heat insulation characteristics, it is notable for frost resistance grade and guarantees fire resistance.
If you accurately install the standardized building materials, you will be guaranteed the water-proofing of a building and other isolation functions. For example, there will be no penetration of noise, steam, gas into the other parts of the building.
Intermediate concrete slabs may guarantee the horizontal position of zones if you accurately correct supports.
The products are strong and long-life, they don’t require additional care and guarantees topcoat finishing, still being a foundation. Some hollow type slabs have cellular material for frost resistance or prevention of fluctuations of temperature.
Types of Intermediate Concrete Slabs
According to the method and place of manufacturing they are divided into such categories:
- Precast reinforced concrete.
Cast-in-place slabs are manufactured immediately at the construction site during the in-situ concreting:
- Making forms;
- Installation of reinforcing cages;
- Concrete pouring.
Such intermediate slabs are predominately used when the project is a frame, being made of cast-in-place concrete. However, in the case of precast solutions of the frame, almost every project has a territory with a cast-in-place intermediate slab.
Advantages of cast-in-place solutions:
- saving material consumption;
- there are no joints between slabs and as a result, there is more efficient and leak-proof floor structure;
- in the case of the accurate performance of works you will receive a long-life building.
Purpose of Slabs Depending on the Type
Flooring is a carrying building construction, the function of which is to separate building floors, located upper. The building structure requires the load accommodation and transfer them to the other carrying elements connected therewith.
When installing intermediate slabs the following requirements to the material and element, being used for the works, are imposed upon:
- improved reliability and rigidity. It is required to withstand the load of the entire weight and those located under the flooring;
- sound insulation. Sound insulation is important during the construction of a residential building;
- heat insulation. This characteristic is crucial when carrying out flooring between the premises with various temperature modes;
- fire safety. This is an important characteristic that is taken into consideration during the construction of any type of buildings.